for people ages up to 21 years (full criteria)
at Sacramento, California
study started



This study will utilize an iterative quality improvement process to identify and address delays in the pediatric hospital discharge process.

Official Title

Pediatric Ward Discharge Quality Improvement


Hospital crowding has been associated with increased hospital length of stay in pediatric populations and adverse outcomes in adult populations. This study focuses on a 36-bed general pediatric inpatient care unit whose occupancy has seen exponential growth over the past several years. With the growth in patient population, the study hospital is experiencing increasing difficulty with hospital crowding, particularly during key times of year, such as the winter viral respiratory season. During these times, pediatric patients may experience high emergency room wait times, and admitted patients may be required to board in the emergency room or post-anesthesia care unit while they await an inpatient bed. Lack of inpatient bed availability has also, at times, required cancellation of surgical cases and denial of outside hospital patient transfers to the institution, resulting in inconvenience to patients and delays in care. The pediatric hospital discharge process has come under particular scrutiny as an area in which both the efficiency and the effectiveness of patient care can be improved. Currently, around 10% of patients ready for discharge in a given day from the general pediatric hospitalist service are discharged prior to noon, freeing up this bed space for a new patient. While for some patients, discharge is postponed for medical reasons, others must remain in the hospital for non-medical delays. For example, they may remain hospitalized because they have not yet been seen by a physician, their medications are not available for pick-up from the pharmacy, or they do not have transportation from hospital to home. Several studies in pediatric populations have shown that quality improvement processes can improve discharge efficiency without compromising care quality or patient/family satisfaction. The investigators aim to determine if an iterative quality improvement process can reduce barriers to discharge and therefore decrease pediatric patients' length of stay. They will simultaneously analyze several secondary outcomes to evaluate patient flow, patient/family satisfaction, and subsequent hospital utilization to evaluate for unintended consequences of the interventions.


Pediatric Hospitalization pediatric hospital discharge quality improvement transition of care Pediatric discharge process interventions


You can join if…

Open to people ages up to 21 years

  • Children or young adults less than 21 years of age admitted to the University of California Davis Children's Hospital Pediatric Hospitalist Service on the general pediatric inpatient ward

You CAN'T join if...

  • Adults greater than 21 years of age, including those unable to consent
  • Pregnant women
  • Prisoners
  • Children admitted to other services (i.e. Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Trauma, Pediatric Nephrology, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Newborn Nursery, etc.)


  • University of California Davis
    Sacramento California 95817 United States


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, Davis
Sign up for this study
Study Type
At least 5478 people participating
Last Updated