for people ages 3 months to 17 years (full criteria)
at Taipei, and other locations
study started
estimated completion



This is a multicenter, multinational, open label single dose pharmacokinetic (PK) study enrolling at least 32 subjects. The study aims to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of a single intravenous dose of CAZ AVI in pediatric subjects aged 3 months to less than 18 years who are receiving systemic antibiotic therapy for suspected or confirmed nosocomial pneumonia, including ventilator associated pneumonia.

Official Title



This is a multicenter, multinational, open label single dose pharmacokinetic (PK) study enrolling at least 32 subjects. The study aims to characterize the PK of CAZ AVI and assess its safety and tolerability following a single intravenous (IV) infusion. Subjects will be hospitalized pediatric patients who are receiving systemic antibiotic therapy for suspected or confirmed nosocomial pneumonia (NP), including ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP). The study will consist of a Screening visit (Visit 1, Day 1), during which consent will be obtained and subject eligibility will be confirmed, a Baseline/Treatment visit (Visit 2, Day 1) during which subjects will receive a single IV infusion of CAZ AVI, and then two follow up assessment visits at 24 hours (Visit 3, Day 2) and 48 hours (Visit 4, Day 3). Blood samples for PK analyses (0.5 mL per sample) will be obtained over 22 hours for Cohort 1 (7 samples), over 13 hours for Cohort 2 (6 samples), and over 6 hours for Cohorts 3 and 4 (4 samples). Additionally, for subjects who are undergoing bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for clinical purposes and for whom informed consent is obtained specifically for BAL, an epithelial lining fluid (ELF) sample will be collected for estimation of CAZ AVI concentrations.


Hospitalized Children With Suspected or Confirmed Nosocomial Pneumonia nosocomial pneumonia, NP Pneumonia Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia Ceftazidime Avibactam Avibactam, ceftazidime drug combination Ceftazidime-avibactam


You can join if…

Open to people ages 3 months to 17 years

Subjects must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for enrollment into the study:

  1. Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the subject's parent(s), legal guardian, or legally acceptable representative has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the study. As appropriate per local requirements informed assent of subjects must also be documented.
  2. Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and other study procedures.
  3. Male or female children age ≥3 months to <18 years at Screening:
  4. Cohort 1: age 12 years to <18 years;
  5. Cohort 2: age 6 years to <12 years;
  6. Cohort 3: age 2 years to <6 years;
  7. Cohort 4: age 3 months to <2 years (must be born ≥37 weeks gestational age).
  8. Hospitalized, receiving systemic antibiotic therapy for the treatment of a suspected or confirmed HAP or VAP meeting the following criteria, and expected to require hospitalization until after the follow up evaluations are completed on Day 3 (48 hours after the end of infusion):
  9. Onset of symptoms ≥48 hours after admission or <7 days after discharge from an inpatient acute or chronic care facility;
  10. New or worsening infiltrate on chest X ray;
  11. At least 1 of the following systemic signs prior to the initiation of treatment for Nosocomial Pneumonia:
  12. Fever (temperature >38°C) or hypothermia (rectal/core temperature <35°C); ii. White blood cell (WBC) count >10,000 cells/mm3, or WBC count <4,500 cells/mm3, or >15% band forms.
  13. At least 2 of the following respiratory signs or symptoms: i. A new onset of cough (or worsening of cough). ii. Production of purulent sputum or endotracheal secretions. iii. Auscultatory findings consistent with pneumonia/pulmonary consolidation (eg, rales, rhonchi, bronchial breath sounds, dullness to percussion, egophony).

iv. Dyspnea, tachypnea or hypoxemia (O2 saturation <90% or PaO2 <60 mmHg while breathing room air).

  1. A need for mechanical ventilation or, for already ventilated subjects, acute changes made in the ventilator support system to enhance oxygenation, as determined by, for example arterial blood gas or worsening PaO2/FiO2.
  2. Likely to survive the current illness or hospitalization.
  3. Sufficient IV access (peripheral or central) to receive study drug and dedicated access for PK sampling.

You CAN'T join if...

Subjects with any of the following characteristics/conditions will not be included in the study:

  1. Investigator site staff members directly involved in the conduct of the study and their family members, site staff members otherwise supervised by the Investigator, or subjects who are Pfizer employees, including their family members, directly involved in the conduct of the study.
  2. Participation in other studies involving investigational drug(s) within 30 days prior to study entry and/or during study participation.
  3. Other acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition including recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this study.
  4. Past or current history of epilepsy or seizure disorder (excluding childhood febrile seizures.
  5. Severe renal impairment defined as creatinine clearance (CrCL) ≤30 mL/min/1.73 m2 calculated using the child's measured height (length) and serum creatinine with the

Bedside Schwartz equation (Schwartz, Munoz, et al., 2009):3 CrCL (mL/min/1.73 m2) =

  1. Documented history of any hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to any β lactam antibiotic.
  2. Pregnant female subjects; breastfeeding female subjects; fertile male subjects and female subjects of childbearing potential who are unwilling or unable to use a highly effective method of contraception as outlined in this protocol for the duration of the study and for at least 28 days after the last dose of CAZ AVI.
  3. Acute hepatitis in the prior 6 months, a prior history of cirrhosis, acute hepatic failure, or acute decompensation of chronic hepatic failure; and/or any of the following blood test results, for any individual, when assessed for eligibility:
  4. Bilirubin >3 × upper limit of normal (ULN), unless isolated hyperbilirubinemia is directly related to the acute infection or due to known Gilbert's disease;
  5. ALT or AST >3 × ULN values used by the laboratory performing the test. Subjects with values >3 × ULN and <5 × ULN are eligible if this value is acute and directly related to the infectious process being treated. This must be documented;
  6. ALP >3 × ULN. Subjects with values >3 × ULN and <5 × ULN are eligible if this value is acute and directly related to the infectious process being treated. This must be documented.
  7. Any condition (eg, septic shock, burns, cystic fibrosis, acute hemodynamic instability, including those conditions not responding to pressor support) that would make the patient, in the opinion of the Investigator, unsuitable for the study (eg, would place a patient at risk; compromise the quality of the data; or interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of CAZ AVI).
  8. . Receipt of a blood or blood component or scheduled for transfusion within the PK sampling period (eg, red blood cells, fresh frozen plasma, platelets) transfusion during the 24 hour period before enrollment.
  9. . Body mass index (BMI) below the 5th percentile or above the 95th percentile for height, age, and weight except for children <2 years of age as BMI is not considered a screening tool for healthy weight in children under 2 years of age.
  10. . Treatment with ceftazidime within 12 hours of CAZ AVI administration or treatment with ceftazidime within 24 hours of CAZ AVI administration in subjects with renal impairment (CrCL ≤50 mL/min/1.73 m2).
  11. . Treatment with potent inhibitors of OAT1 and/or OAT3 (eg, probenecid, p aminohippuric acid (PAH), or teriflunomide).


  • Taipei Municipal Wanfang Hospital in progress, not accepting new patients
    Taipei 116 Taiwan
  • Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou accepting new patients
    Taoyuan City 333 Taiwan


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