for males (full criteria)
at Sacramento, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion
Jonathan Ducore, MD, MPH



The primary goal of the INITIATE trial is to compare the clinical outcome of individualized lot selection to random lot selection utilizing one plasma-derived von Willebrand factor (VWF)/coagulation factor (FVIII) complex concentrate for immune tolerance induction (ITI) in subjects with congenital Hemophilia A, FVIII activity ≤2%, and a historical high-titer inhibitor [≥5 Bethesda Unit (BU)].

Official Title

INdividualized ITI Based on Fviii(ATE) Protection by VWF (INITIATE)


Participants will be randomized on a one-to-one basis between one of two study arms, individualized lot selection (alternative treatment arm) and random lot selection (standard treatment arm, current US clinical practice in ITI). Study sites, participants, and investigators will be blinded to the treatment status assigned.

Alternative treatment arm:

Half of the participants will be randomized to blinded individualized lot selection for ITI. The target initial dose of FVIII for ITI is ~200 IU/kg/day intravenously. The suggested maximum dose is 20,000 IU/day. Investigators may adjust the dose to a minimum dose of 150 units/kg if infusion volume is not feasible in patients without central venous access or in patients with von Willebrand factor levels >250%. Splitting dose into two infusions per day must be approved by the Steering Committee, and if approved, will be considered a protocol deviation. Wilate® will be the VWF/FVIII complex concentrate (Octapharma USA, Inc., U.S. License No. 1646) prescribed for ITI.

Individualized lot selection will be performed according to a modified Oxford method in a central laboratory, by testing subject's plasma against 4-6 lots of Wilate® and selecting the one with the highest residual FVIII (lowest Oxford titer) activity remaining after incubation. The same lot will be used throughout the entire ITI course for each subject. If the selected lot is depleted prior to the completion of ITI, a second individualized lot selection will be performed using the original plasma sample provided at baseline.

Each Wilate® batch includes 1.6-1.8 million IU and is expected to last for about 3-57 months depending on the weight of the subject and prescribed dose.

Standard treatment arm:

The other half of the participants will receive random lot selection for ITI. The dose and concentrate used will be the same. Concentrate will be randomly selected from available Wilate® lots. The same lot will be used throughout the entire ITI course for each subject. If the random lot is depleted prior to the completion of ITI, a second lot will be randomly selected. In both cases the random lot will be tested against subject's plasma to measure the residual FVIII activity left after incubation but this result will not affect lot selection.

The primary hypothesis is that the time to negative inhibitor (<0.6 BU) will be shorter with individualized lot selection compared to random lot selection and that this will impact monthly break-through bleeding and reduce costs.


Hemophilia A With Inhibitor Hemophilia A inhibitor Factor VIII inhibitor Factor VIII Wilate


You can join if…

Open to males

  1. Diagnosis of congenital Hemophilia A and baseline FVIII ≤2%.
  2. Weight ≥ 5 kg
  3. History of FVIII inhibitor titer ≥5 BU
  4. Current FVIII inhibitor titer ≥5 BU or ≥0.6 BU and failed ITI defined by FVIII recovery <66% normal and half-life <6 hours
  5. Adequate venous access for daily concentrate infusions
  6. For participants <18 years, a parent or guardian willing and able to provide informed consent with verbal or written assent from the child if require by the local institution. For participants ≥18 years, a willingness and ability to provide informed consent from the subject.
  7. Ability to comply with study related treatments, evaluations, and follow-up.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Acquired hemophilia
  2. Congenital or acquired bleeding disorder in addition to Hemophilia A
  3. ITI factor replacement regimen within the past one month unless there is clear evidence of ITI failure with no reduction in inhibitor titer over the past two months
  4. HIV positive with viral load ≥200 particles/μL or ≥400,000 copies/mL
  5. Rituximab within the past 3 months
  6. IVIG within the past 1 month
  7. Treatment with other immunosuppressive drugs within the past 1 month (excluding intermittent steroid use for asthma)
  8. Concomitant experimental treatment
  9. History of hypersensitivity to plasma-derived VWF- or FVIII-containing concentrates
  10. . Elective surgery planned in the next 6 months (excluding vascular access procedure)
  11. . Any condition or chronic illness, which in the opinion of the investigator makes participation ill-advised
  12. . Inability or unwillingness to complete required screening, follow-up, and exit studies


  • University of California, Davis accepting new patients
    Sacramento California 95817 United States
  • Rady Children's Hospital San Diego not yet accepting patients
    San Diego California 92123 United States

Lead Scientist


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, Davis
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Phase 4
Study Type
Last Updated