for people ages up to 17 years (full criteria)
at Sacramento, California
study started
completion around



More than 41 million children, or 55 percent of all children in the United States, live more than 30 minutes away from a pediatric trauma center. The management of pediatric trauma requires medical expertise that is only available at Level I pediatric trauma centers, which are specialized pediatric referral hospitals located in large urban cities. Smaller hospitals lack pediatric trauma expertise and resources to properly care for these children. When a small hospital receives a child with trauma, the standard of care is to conduct a telephone consultation to a pediatric trauma specialist, err on the side of safety, and transfer the child to the regional Level I pediatric trauma center.

A newer model of care, the Virtual Pediatric Trauma Center (VPTC), uses live video, or telemedicine, to bring the expertise of a Level I pediatric trauma center virtually to patients at any hospital emergency department. While the VPTC model is being used more frequently, the advantages and disadvantages of these two systems of care remain unknown, particularly with regard to parent/family-centered outcomes.

The goal of this study is to optimize the patient and family experience and to minimize distress, healthcare utilization, and out-of-pocket costs following the injury of a child. The results of this project will help to optimize communication, confidence, and shared decision making between parents/families and clinical staff from both the transferring and receiving hospitals.

Official Title

Improving Family-Centered Pediatric Trauma Care: The Standard of Care Versus the Virtual Pediatric Trauma Center


Trauma, Injuries, Wounds and Injuries, Virtual Pediatric Trauma Center, Telephone consultation


For people ages up to 17 years

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pediatric patients (<18 years old) with an acute injury at the time of a transfer consultation call to UC Davis Trauma Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery, or Neurosurgery from eleven outside emergency departments


  • University of California-Davis
    Sacramento California 95817 United States


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, Davis
Study Type
About 344 people participating
Last Updated